For over the past 100 years or so, our diet has dramatically changed. During the first couple of decades of the 20th century, it is estimated that the ratio of consumption of Omega-6 versus Omega-3 in the human diet was 1:2. But due to the introduction of processed food like canned goods, preserved delicacies and ready-to-cook meals, this almost perfect ratio is currently non-existent.
Omega-3 and Omega-6 are both ‘essential’ fats which means they are vital in the overall bodily functions but they cannot be produced by the body and so they can only be derived from diets of meats of turkey chicken and pork, fish like tuna and salmon, vegetables like broccoli, Brussels sprouts, seeds like sunflower and watermelon seeds, and legumes like pine nuts, pecans and walnuts. Omega-3 and Omega-6 work together to keep our body healthy and on its tip-top shape.
Despite both of them being vital, there should be a well-balanced consumption of these essential fatty acids in our everyday diet. Higher consumption of Omega-6 rich foods than Omega-3 has been associated with heart attacks, thrombotic stroke, inflammation, osteoporosis, obesity, mood disorders and cancer whereas higher consumption of Omega-3 fatty acid completely reverses these diseases. Omega-3 fatty acid reduces the risk of certain cancers particularly breast and prostate cancer. Regular consumption of Omega-3 helps in controlling the level of high blood pressure and high cholesterol which increases the risk of developing stroke and cardiovascular diseases. It does this by increasing the levels of good cholesterol and lowering down bad cholesterol. Good cholesterol has the ability to hold on to cholesterol in its liquid form to prevent the build-up plaque (hardened fat deposits inside blood vessels) that narrows down the normal blood flow and eventually blocks them completely when they breakdown and gets clogged.
DHA and EPA, unsaturated fats of Omega-3, are the building blocks of the brain. They are vital in the overall brain development from fetal and infancy through the mother’s regular consumption of Omega-3 either through diet or through dietary supplements such as Nordic Naturals EPA and Golden Alaska Deep Sea Fish Oil. Omega-3 can be passed down from the mother to a fetus which prepares the way for a whole lot of benefits for the child as he/she grows up. These benefits include fast learning, better vision and behavioral development.
In conclusion, the higher the amounts of Omega-3 and lesser amounts of Omega-6 will help us live a happy and longer life.