What are the Causes of Back Pain in Women?

Any woman who has experienced back pain, at some point in her life, knows well enough how discomforting and stressful it can be. What is difficult to know is the cause of the back pain. Proper diagnoses must be done in order to know which one of the many possible cases is responsible for the pain. Determining the cause is very critical in treating back pains. But what are the causes of back pain in women?

There are four major categories for the common and other known causes of back pain in women. These categories are structural problems, medical conditions, de-conditioning, and psychological stress.

Structural Problems

Bone structure problems cause back pains that are quite difficult to manage. These structural problems commonly include osteoporosis, scoliosis, arthritis, degenerative discs, disc herniation’s, spinal stenosis, and compression fractures.

Compression fractures often happen due to osteoporosis. These fractures happen with the flattening of the vertebrate made by the degenerative disease. This case is similar with the degenerative discs; only it’s the discs that flatten providing fewer cushions in between the vertebrates. Scoliosis is another known structural problem and it involves the curvature of spine and a side of the back being particularly higher than the other side. This condition could be developed during growth, or it could also be genetic. Arthritis involves bone spurs and inflammation that could cause intense pain. Disc herniation’s are also known as slipped disc and it is when the vertebrate ruptures with a jellylike substance leaking out and irritating nerves. Spinal stenosis is the spinal narrowing that occurs when the ligaments at the spinal column thicken. Numbness and a tingling sensation in the legs are symptoms of this condition.

These problems in bone structure are more probably able to cause intense back pain; and though the problems can’t be modified, there are still things like proper back exercises and therapy that can alleviate the pain.

Medical Conditions

Medical conditions could either be structural problems or not. However, these conditions will need proper medical treatment in order to lessen the pain that they cause. These conditions could be infections, pelvic conditions, menstruation, and/or cancer. Urinary tract infection is a common medical condition that causes back pain. Other bone infections also cause what others call as “referred” pain. Conditions such as endometriosis or pelvic inflammatory disease are both pelvic conditions that definitely cause back aches. These back pains also generally happen to women who have menstruation, a popular symptom of which is cramping. Cancer is also a common medical cause of back pain. Even if it’s cancer in other organs, back pain is still a very probable symptom. Another medical condition that may cause back pain is kidney stones. When the kidneys are negatively affected, they generally cause back pain since they are located in the lower back.


The lower back portion of the body, also known as lumbar, is responsible for day-to-day activities that involve lifting, weight bearing, and even simple twisting. With this critical location and big responsibility, it is most burdened by such activities and is therefore the biggest source of back pain. In order to avoid or alleviate pain that is caused by these activities, a healthy lifestyle, proper exercise and right conditioning is needed.

Lack of lumbar conditioning is a common mistake of people suffering from back pain. Even those fit people who exercise in the gym or participate in classes like aerobics may still not be conditioning their lumbar region enough. Therefore, the lack of conditioning may very well strain the muscles specifically at the lower back.

Excess body weight is also a case that needs proper conditioning to avoid back pains. The extra pounds definitely cause more stress on the back muscles and this is true particularly with the excess abdominal weight. Similar stress is placed upon the back when a person has poor posture. A habit of leaning forward or slumping develops such poor posture that in turn forces a misalignment of the spine. This misalignment puts pressure on pain sensors, the nerves.

Psychological Stress

Psychological stresses such as depression or the lack of sleep may cause back pain as they increase tension in the muscles. Exercise may help relax the muscles and could help alleviate pain. Also, psychological intervention may help a person de-stress and relax.


Another major and known cause of back pain in women is pregnancy. The weight of the baby is an excess weight that adds stress on the back. Women also undergo hormonal changes when pregnant, and these changes exert pressure on the lumbar region and also cause imbalances that strain other body parts. And just like de-conditioning, proper and gentle exercise will help ease and relieve pain.

There are many other causes of back pain in women and each cause has corresponding treatments to ease and minimize pain.

Leave A Comment...