Vitamins and minerals are necessary for our bodies to function properly. Without these nutrients, we will not be able to perform as needed. And this is why it is important to have a balanced diet to get most of the nutrients we need.
However, even if we do eat the go, grow, and glow types of food, we may still be not getting enough of certain vitamins and minerals. Take for example the B vitamins. Not all types of food contain all of the B vitamins that our body needs. And so, we could end up with a vit amin B deficiency. But how does one know whether or not he or she is suffering from vitamin B deficiency? Well, we need to know the vitamin B deficiency symptoms in adults. Read on to know more about the symptoms.
Vitamin B is not a single vitamin like the other vitamins. It is a group of different vitamins: thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3), pantothenic acid (B5), pyridoxine (B6), biotin (B7), folic acid (B9), and cobalamine (B12). These B vitamins are also known as B-complex.
These various vitamins have different functions in our body. These 8 water soluble vitamins are crucial for cell growth, development, and reproduction, and metabolism. In general, B-complex plays an important role in maintaining the overall health of the human body. Specifically, it aids in maintaining the digestive, nervous, and immune systems of the body.
Based on the above information, we can say that a deficiency in B vitamins has a lot of impact on our overall health. And since there are different types of B vitamins, there is a chance that you may be lacking only on certain types of B vitamins. And from this, we can say that there will be varying effects and symptoms for deficiency on each B vitamin.
Vitamin B1, or thiamine, is necessary for the nervous system to function properly. Thiamine is essential in energy production and metabolism regulation. Deficiency in thiamine can cause beriberi. Symptoms of vitamin B1 deficiency are insomnia, depression, muscle weakness, slow heartbeat, nervous exhaustion, muscle weakness, irritability, digestive issues, loss of appetite, and constipation. Edema and enlarged liver are also indications of vitamin B1 deficiency. The symptoms are mainly effects on the digestive system and on the nervous system.
Vitamin B2, or riboflavin, is highly needed for the eyes to develop and function properly. It is required for energy production, good eyesight, healthy mucus membranes, and for the growth and development of red blood cells. A deficiency in riboflavin is usually manifested in eye problems, such as itching, burning sensation, and tearing. But it can also affect the skin. Cracked lips and oily and peeling skin are symptoms of vitamin B2 deficiency. Dull hair and the appearance of cataracts are also manifestations of a deficiency in vitamin B2.
Vitamin B3, also known as niacin, is in charge of facilitating the conversion of food into energy. Niacin also helps maintain the skin, nerves, and digestive system. Symptoms of niacin deficiency are loss of appetite, digestive problems, forgetfulness, tiredness, muscular weakness, headaches, and skin lesions. Severe deficiency of this vitamin can lead to pellagra, a disease causing skin lesions, dermatitis, gastrointestinal problems, and inflammation of the mucus membranes.
Vitamin B5, or pantothenic acid, is responsible for the production of energy from carbohydrates and fats. It also helps in the formation of fats and some hormones. Symptoms of pantothenic acid deficiency include weakness, fatigue, numbness, muscle cramps, vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, and listlessness.
Vitamin B6, also called pyridoxine, takes a part in metabolism of protein and carbohydrate and in the production of red blood cells. Pyridoxine also aids in maintaining the nervous and immune systems. Lack of vitamin B6 in the body is manifested through skin disorders, malaise, anemia, insomnia, nervousness, irritability, fatigue, and in severe cases, convulsions and seizures.
Biotin, another name for vitamin B7, is essential for the health and growth of hair. Deficiency of this vitamin would be evident on the deterioration of the condition of the hair. Hair loss, dry, course, and dull hair are common signs of low vitamin B7 in the body. Dry skin, dandruff, eczema, and formation of scaly patches on the skin are also symptoms of low levels of biotin in the system. What seems to be just a bad hair day may be a sign of low amounts of biotin in the body.
Vitamin B9 is also known as folic acid. Folic acid is necessary in the formation of the DNA and the red blood cells. A deficiency in vitamin B9 may be shown through loss of appetite, weight loss, sore tongue, irritability, weakness, anemia, and palpitations. Low folic acid during pregnancy may lead to birth defects, premature birth, and neural tube defects.
Vitamin B12, or cobalamine, is considered as one of the most important of the B vitamins. This vitamin is crucial to the formation of red blood cells. Cobalamine ensures the proper use of folic acid and manages the formation of the nerve cells. Lacking vitamin B12 can lead to fatigue and poor concentration and memory. Other symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency are sleep disorders, numbness, depression, anemia, and loss of appetite.
Lack of vitamin B in your system can lead to many disorders and complications. So be sure to get the necessary B complex from proteins, like meat, poultry, fish, dairy, and eggs. Green leafy vegetables, along with peas and beans, are also good sources of B vitamins. However, if you still can’t get the right amount of B vitamins that you need for your body to function properly and be healthy, you can buy B complex supplements.