Genital herpes is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. There are two types of genital herpes each caused by two different viruses, herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2). And the more common of the two types of herpes is herpes 2, caused by the HSV-2. Herpes 2 can be contacted by both men and women.
Most people with herpes 2 are not even aware that they are infected with the disease. However, if symptoms do appear, they can be quite pronounced. Here are the herpes 2 symptoms in men that you should look out for.
Symptoms for primary and recurrent infections of herpes 2 are different from each other. Primary HSV-2 infection means the first occurrence of herpes 2 and this is has far worse symptoms compared to recurrent HSV-2 infections, wherein there is a reactivation of the disease.
Primary herpes 2 symptoms involve inflamed blisters and ulcers at the tip or the shaft of the penis and/or the rectal area. A tingling sensation in the affected area can be felt prior to the appearance of inflamed blisters. Some men also suffer from flu-like discomforts, muscles aches, headache, swollen glands, and fever. Complications may also occur, leading to inflammation of the membranes of the brain or spinal cord, as well as retention of urine in the bladder. However, these complications are found to be much more common among women than in men.
Not everyone suffers from recurrent herpes 2. But if a reactivation of the infection does occur, the symptoms are much limited compared to primary infection. There are also fewer and more localized lesions. Less inflammation and quicker healing are all properties of a recurrent HSV-2 infection. However, just like the primary HSV-2 infection, recurrent HSV-2 infection may also lead to some complications. One of which is recurrent meningitis, the inflammation of the brain or spinal cord membranes. Recurrent numbness and tingling in the lower extremities and paralysis in of the lower extremities and bladder may also be observed.
Herpes 2 may recur from a dormant state without any clinical symptom. This state is called viral shedding and can last for 1 to 5 days. And since there are no symptoms associated with viral shedding, the person with herpes 2 is unaware and becomes highly infectious as there are no precautionary methods taken.
Men with HSV-2 may also have oral herpes, although oral herpes is most often caused by HSV-1. The symptoms of oral herpes involve blisters in the lips and tongue, salivation, foul breath, difficulty in swallowing, muscle pain, chills, and hearing loss.
Most of the time, herpes 2 does not show any symptoms. Many people don’t feel or see anything wrong and this makes the disease even more infectious. People spread the virus without knowing what they are doing.