Dust mites are not just dust particles. These are actually small insects that become visible against a dark background. Most of these creatures live with us inside our very own houses. All around the world, these small creatures are present in houses because they consume the human dead cells. Like most annoying pests at home, dust mites can withstand different types of climate. They live mostly in mattresses, carpets, furniture, and beddings which are rich in human and animal dead cells which are shed off. With so many of them, these small creatures are nuisances to people who are allergic to them. When dust mite excretions are accidentally inhaled by allergic people, the proteins on dust mite excretions generates a hypersensitivity reaction to the mucosal linings of the nose. This triggers an inflammatory response which causes symptoms similar to common colds or allergic rhinitis. Specific signs and symptoms of these will include Hay fever, watery eyes, sneezing, runny nose, asthma, and difficulty of breathing. Dust mites, along with other factors such as smoking and air pollution, can actually aggravate the symptoms experienced.
There are various ways in which people with dust mite allergy symptoms can treat their condition. They used to say that an ounce of prevention is better than a pound of cure. The best method of prevention would be to reduce or totally eliminate the breeding sites of dust mites. There are a few things you can do. These include removing carpets on the floor, encasing mattresses in allergen-impermeable covers, and weekly changing and washing of bed sheets, mattress pads, blankets, and bedspreads in hot water. Since it is uncomfortable to sleep without pillows or foams, it is advisable to enclose foams in allergen-impermeable materials. Asides from all those preventive measures that you can do, there are also medications available in the market to reduce your allergic reaction to dust mite proteins. There are medications such as anti-histamines, corticosteroids, and various combination drugs being sold at pharmacies. However, you must first consult with a physician whether these medications are advisable for you.
Since you already know what are dust mites and some ways on how to reduce or eliminate them, then you can already do something to reduce your allergy experiences. Start first with all those preventive measures and use the medications as a last resort.