Plantar Fasciitis is a painful condition that results from damage in the form of tiny tears and ruptures to the plantar fascia ligament that rung along the underside of your foot. The ligament is a fibrous band of connective tissue that connects the heel bone to the toes. It is one of the hundreds of ‘moving parts’ – tendons, bones and ligaments – that make up our feet.
The main symptom of plantar fasciitis is an intense pain deep within the heel. The pain is often most acute first thing in the morning due to the fact that the plantar fascia tightens when at rest. The same tightening, and associated pain, can also result from standing still for long periods of time. In severe cases of the foot disorder, the ligament can become very inflamed and swollen with the result that any weight at all on the foot can cause considerably pain. The pain may subside after the plantar fascia warms and relaxes but is likely to build again after prolonged standing or sitting.
There are a number of risk factors associated with plantar fasciitis. If your feet have a tendency to pronate (where your arch collapses and your feet roll in) you are more likely to bring stress onto your plantar fascia. Activities that require long periods of standing on hard surfaces, as well as running or jumping, are also thought to contribute to higher incidence rates. Being overweight is also a factor.
If you suffer from plantar fasciitis, it’s a good idea to book an appointment with a podiatrist. In most cases wearing corrective footwear will go a long way in reducing your discomfort. Your podiatrist will likely recommend the best shoes for plantar fasciitis as well as orthotic insoles, see these Walkfit reviews for example, that you can insert into your existing shoes. These will help you avoid straining your ligament as well as address any pronation and foot misalignment issues that you make have.