Before, migraines are thought to be a symptom of something more serious. Thus, people seek medical help immediately as soon as a migraine-like pain occurs. Today, although there are certain types of migraine that are associated with serious medical conditions, people mostly view migraine as a lifestyle issue. This article provides information regarding the common migraine causes.
#1 Family history (genetics)
Genes accounts to 70% of migraineurs (persons with migraine headaches). That means, if someone from either of the sides of your family has been experiencing migraines, you’ll have a tendency to have one too. The chance of getting a migraine increases when both your maternal and paternal sides have one. The percentage risk is doubled when first-degree relatives (mother, father, siblings) are migraneurs.
#2 Gender and puberty
Before puberty, boys could experience more episodes of migraines than girls. However, upon reaching the age of puberty where hormones fluctuates, women experiences migraines by 75% compared to men. Studies suggest that this is caused by the sudden increase of estrogen in the body.
The highest incidence of migraine is said to be experienced by women around 40 years old. However due to the sudden drop of estrogen due to menopause and aging, migraines are naturally managed.
Migraine is also a lifestyle issue. Most people may be experiencing migraine because of the following:
- Skipping meal
- Change in sleep patterns – especially for people who are working in a 24-hour establishment; nurses, call center agents, 24-hour convenience store attendant, etc.
- Certain foods and drinks like cheese, alcohol, chocolates, Monosodium glutamate or MSG (a flavor enhancer), nuts, etc.
- Stress – increased physical, emotional, and mental stress.
- Use of contraceptive pills – since birth control pills affect the woman’s hormones, it triggers migraine by the end and start of each pill cycle when a sudden increase and decrease of estrogen levels happen.
#4 Associated with medical conditions
Although some migraines can be managed by stress and some over the counter medications, there are also those that need medical attention. Some migraines are symptoms of certain diseases. These include but are not limited to: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, hereditary essential tremor, epilepsy, Tourette syndrome, Familial dyslipoprteinemias, cerebral amyloid angiopathy, depression and anxiety, Ischemic stroke where a migraine with aura is a major risk factor.
There are some factors that you can do nothing about like genetics and gender. However, there are also those that you can control. Simply live a healthy lifestyle, get adequate rest, eat right, exercise more, have an executive check-up each year and consult your doctor immediately as soon as you feel something is coming. As they say, “prevention is better than cure”.